If you know how to knit and purl, then you can make a textured pattern called single rib, or “knit one purl one”.
k1p1 single rib
Single rib is a stretchy piece of knitting often used for cuffs and hems. To make single rib you will knit one stitch, then purl the next stitch, and repeat to the end of the row.
I have included a little tutorial below on how to knit rib pattern. These are very basic instructions to help new knitters.
How to change from a knit to a purl stitch in the middle of a row
To make single rib, you need to alternate from knitting to purling stitches during a row. So how do you do this?
You have probably noticed that when you knit stitches the yarn is always at the back of the work (behind the knitting) and when you purl stitches the yarn is at the front of the work. So...
Here is how you do this:
After working a knit stitch the yarn is at the back of the work.
To purl the next stitch, bring the yarn to the front between the tips of the two needles.
Now purl the next stitch.
To knit the next stitch take the yarn to the back of the work between the tips of the two needles.
Then knit the next stitch, and repeat the sequence above to the end of the row.
Recognising knit and purl stitches
When working in rib stitches, sometimes the pattern will tell you to “knit the knit stitches and purl the purl stitches”. So here is what they look like before you work the row.
Single rib on an even number of stitches
You can make single rib on any number of stitches; it can be odd or even.
This is the pattern for an even number of stitches:
Row 1: *(k1, p1), rep. from * to end of row.
Repeat row 1 until you have reached the desired length or number of rows.
Single rib on an odd number of stitches
If you are working on an odd number of stitches, the pattern alters slightly:
Row 1: *k1, p1; rep. from * to last stitch, k1
Row 2: p1; *k1, p1; rep. from * to end of row.
Repeat rows 1 and 2 until you have reached the desired length or number of rows.
Note that row 2 is different for an odd number of stitches, so that you are knitting the knit stitches and purling the purl stitches on every row.
Double rib k2p2
Double rib is just a thicker version of single rib. To make double rib, you will knit 2, purl 2.
Double rib pattern is usually worked on a multiple of 4 stitches plus 2 stitches (for example, cast on 14 stitches which is 4 stitches x 3, plus 2 additional stitches).
To make double rib:
Row 1: *k2, p2, rep. from * to last 2 stitches, k2
Row 2: p2, *k2, p2, rep. from * to end of row
Repeat rows 1 and 2.
Create your own rib pattern
You can combine any number of knit or purl stitches to make your rib pattern (for example knit 3, purl 2). Experiment with any combination, just remember to knit the knit stitches and purl the purl stitches on each row.